Last summer Liverpool are widely regarded to have squandered the lion’s share of £117m on eight permanent signings in the wake of Luis Suarez’s departure.
This summer they’re already £67m deep into another spending spree, but does it look like they’ve learned from the worst excesses of their 2014 blow out?
In at least one sense the answer is yes.
So far seven players have come through the door and in each case there is a clearly visible reason why they were brought in.
The same cannot be said of their post-2013/14 splurge.
While Liverpool were making it rain last pre-season they failed to bring any player to directly replace Suarez, either in terms of position, quality or work-rate.
This term Roberto Firmino will address precisely that issue, most likely operating on the left of an attacking trident in just the fashion that the Uruguayan used to.
Last term Rickie Lambert came in seemingly as a Plan B option for the occasional situations in which previous season’s fluid attacking three failed to fire.
However, the subsequent acquisition of Mario Balotelli instantly made Lambert an irrelevance, while simultaneously failing to offer an similar alternative for Daniel Sturridge.
This season Christian Benteke has neither the creaking limbs of Lambert, nor the heavy-duty baggage of Balotelli and is a more proven goalscoring number nine than either.
Whether Glen Johnson or Emre Can were playing on the right of the Liverpool defence in 2014/15 it was an area of weakness that Nathaniel Clyne’s signing directly addresses.
Even the acquisition of Ings, a busy, scurrying centre-forward capable of occupying an entire backline with his movement, brings Brendan Rogders an option not previously open to him.
Contrast such signings with the big fees paid for the likes of Emre Can and Lazar Markovic last summer.
The pair cost £30m between them, yet neither seemed likely to come straight into the first team with Jordan Henderson and Raheem Sterling ahead of them.